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Karate Training Commands: Japanese to English

These are the commands which are frequently used during trainings. Heard them but always wonder what they mean?

dojo wu commands

Dojo : school, place where we train Karate

Shomen ni (sho-men nee) : facing front of dojo

Rei (ray) : bow with respect

Shomen ni rei : facing front of dojo and bow

Shihan ni rei : facing Shihan and bow

Sensei ni rei : facing Sensei and bow

Seiza (say-zah) : kneeling position

Mokuso (moh-kso) : deep breathing meditation

Yame (yah-may) : stop

Yoi (yo-ee) : get ready

Kiai (key-eye) : loud shout with Karate spirit and energy

Kihon (key-horn) : fundamentals

Kokyu (cok-kyu) : deep breathing

Matte (mah-tay) : wait

Hajime (hah-jee-may) : begin

Yame (yah-may) : stop

Yasume (yah-soo-may) : relax

Mawatte (mah-wah-tay) : turn around

Directions

Migi (mee-gee) : right

Hidari (he-da-ree) : left

Chudan (choo-done) : middle

Jodan (joe-done) : high / upper

Gedan (gay-done) : low / downwards

 

Punching Techniques

Seiken (say-can) : forefist

Zuki (zoo-key) : punch

 

Seiken Chudan Zuki : middle punch (middle of chest level)

Seiken Jodan Zuki : upper punch (eyebrow level)

Seiken Gedan Zuki : low punch (lower abdomen level)

 

Striking Techniques
Uchi (woo-chee) : strike 

 

Ago Uchi (ah-go woo-chee) : chin strike (hands up to the sides of the chin before striking forward)

Mawashi Uchi (ma-wah-shee woo-chee) : roundhouse punch

Tettsui Uchi (take-zuee woo-chee) : hammer-fist strike

 

Uraken shomen uchi (woo-rah-can sho-men woo-chee) : backfist strike to front

Uraken sayu (sa-yo) uchi : backfist strike to side

Uraken hizo (he-zo) uchi : backfist strike to spleen (ribs)

Uraken shita (shi-ta) uchi : rip to the pit of stomach

 

Hiji (he-jee) : Elbow

Jodan hiji : elbow to head

Chudan hiji : elbow to middle section

Hiji age (ah-gay) uchi : rising elbow strike

 

Shuto (shoo-toe) : knife hand

Shuto ganmen (gun-men) uchi : knife hand strike to head

Shuto sakotsu (sa-co-sue) uchi : knife hand strike to the collar bone (downwards from top to opponent’s collar bone, not to be confused with shuto uchi uchi)

Shuto uchi uchi : inside knife hand to the neck (45deg strike to opponent’s neck)

Shuto uchi komi (cool-mee) : driving knife hand to collar bone (straight strike)

Shuto hizo (he-zo0) : knife hand strike to spleen

 

Uke (woo-kay) : block

Jodan uke : upper block

Chudan uchi uke : middle inside block

Chudan soto uke: middle outside block

Gedan barai (bar-rai) : low block

Uchi uke gedan barai : inside block and low block

 

Keri / Geri (gary) : kick

Mawashi (ma-wah-shee) geri : roundhouse kick

Uchi mawashi geri : inside crescent kick

Soto mawashi geri : outside crescent kick

Hiza (he-za) geri : knee kick

Kin geri : groin kick

Mae (my) geri : rising front kick

Yoko (yo-cool) geri : side kick

Ushiro (woo-she-roll)  mawashi geri : back roundhouse kick

Ushiro geri : back kick

 

Dachi (dan-chee): stance

sanchin dachi : hour-glass stance

kumite dachi : fight stance

heiko dachi : ready stance

kiba dachi : horse stance

yo ju go kiba dachi : 45 degree horse stance

zenkutsu dachi (zen stance) : forward leaning stance

nekoashi dachi  : cat stance

kokutsu dachi : back stance

heisoku dachi : feet together stance

kake dachi : hook stance

shiko dachi : open leg / sumo stance

 

Counting   

ichi:  one

ni:  two

san: three

chi: four

go: five

roku: six

shichi:  seven

hachi:  eight

ku:  nine

ju: ten

ni-ju: twenty

san-jiu: thirty

hyaku: one hundred

 

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